Ignorance is the greatest driver of poor equine welfare across Europe today. No Member State is entirely free of welfare issues. This is why the Commission should help to promote the responsible ownership of equines, wherever the equid lives, and whatever their role. Furthermore, any notion of responsible ownership has to be underpinned by a proper identification and registration system. Traceability measures lie at the heart of good equine welfare and health. Without proper identification and registration, equines cannot be linked to a person responsible for their welfare.